What are varicose veins (also known as spider veins) ?

What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins are permanently extended, irregular serpentine veins. They occur mainly on the legs, sometimes in the pelvic area.

Even the “minimum version”, which is actually harmless spider veins, felt by many sufferers as cosmetically disturbing. Occasionally, however, they also cause local pain. Spider veins are tiny veins extended skin which violet with its ramifications or blue shimmer through the skin. A sclerotherapy or laser therapy can improve the skin’s appearance.

spider veins

spider veins

From cosmetic problem for Disease

However, it comes at the vascular disease not just about beauty: Once progressed, varicose veins are also a medical problem. Often stretch the legs uncomfortable or swell during the day. It can cause permanent changes in the skin and sometimes persisting ulcers. Sometimes a venous thrombosis is the cause or consequence.

Varicose veins – a widespread disease

Varicose veins are widespread. So, for example, were published in 2003 after the results of the Bonn Vein Study in the years 2000 until 2002, around 14 of percent of Germans significantly affected. Given the increase in life expectancy and other predisposing factors (more on this in the next section) are Varicose veins natural treatment unchanged uptrend. In other words: The vast majority of the German population has varying degrees of changes in the veins.

Primary varicose veins

The exact causes of primary form of varicosity are varied and not entirely clear. Many people have an inherited predisposition to connective tissue and venous insufficiency. Often they tend then to varicose veins. Favoring are lack of exercise, obesity and related professional activities. It affects more women (about 15 percent) than men. The frequency with which men are confronted with varicose veins is, with more than eleven percent but also considerable.

That women are for varicose veins forward, probably is related with the fact that the female sex hormones influence the type of estrogens, the structure of the vein wall and vein valves. In pregnancy loosens with the active support of another female sex hormone, progesterone, the muscle and connective tissue – also in the veins. In addition, during pregnancy complicates the widening uterus the outflow of blood from the legs. Therefore, varicose veins occur frequently in pregnancy, and already existing companies – usually temporary – to.

Another cause of varicose veins are aging processes of the fabric: Much like the firmness of the skin in the course of life subsides, the veins over time are flaccid. This becomes more noticeable in the second half of life.